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  #126  
Old 03-20-2011, 09:16 PM
Lawrence Duckworth Lawrence Duckworth is offline
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I really don’t know much more than that I need a single phase 50 kva 4 to 1 step down (whatever the heck that means)…does this look like the ideal transformer for a 200 elbeerer?

Last edited by Lawrence Duckworth; 03-03-2014 at 06:41 AM.
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  #127  
Old 03-20-2011, 11:47 PM
Dennis Hetland Dennis Hetland is offline
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This appears to be a 4to1/2to1 step down transformer. You're not showing the entire nameplate There's more info on it, like the KVA.
I can't be 1000% positive, but I'm assuming this is rated for 480v on the primary. If you have a 240v service going to your primary and you wire X1 to X3 and X2 to X4 you should get 60v out of your secondary.
The 1 through 6 on the primary are taps for adjusting to high or low voltage coming from your service. Like if you're supposed to have a 480v service, but you're actually getting 500v you can tap it so your secondary is putting out the proper voltage. You could play with those taps to get slightly more or less than 60 volts. If you wanted to for some reason.
You should post another picture that shows the entire nameplate.
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  #128  
Old 03-20-2011, 11:50 PM
Charles Friedman Charles Friedman is offline
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So, I was just wondering what the intended use of this furnace? At this point in construction and placement of this object that is going to be the warehouse of a marketable commodity, I would be thinking about putting a scale under this unit, as well as an adjustable height and leveling mechanism.
Just a thought.
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  #129  
Old 03-21-2011, 06:18 AM
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And what you want is sixty volts run with a single bank of five of the elements we'll provide wired in series.
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  #130  
Old 03-21-2011, 09:23 AM
Lawrence Duckworth Lawrence Duckworth is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Dennis Hetland View Post
This appears to be a 4to1/2to1 step down transformer. You're not showing the entire nameplate There's more info on it, like the KVA.
I can't be 1000% positive, but I'm assuming this is rated for 480v on the primary. If you have a 240v service going to your primary and you wire X1 to X3 and X2 to X4 you should get 60v out of your secondary.
The 1 through 6 on the primary are taps for adjusting to high or low voltage coming from your service. Like if you're supposed to have a 480v service, but you're actually getting 500v you can tap it so your secondary is putting out the proper voltage. You could play with those taps to get slightly more or less than 60 volts. If you wanted to for some reason.
You should post another picture that shows the entire nameplate.
Dennis that’s it for the photos, but is the bottom line a transformer that puts out 60 volt from a 200 amp single phase service? Is this what I ask for at the sales counter?

> this deal has 6 molly tubes, 240 single phase power <
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  #131  
Old 03-21-2011, 12:11 PM
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No. The transformer, assuming it is the correct unit would have an input of 480V. That would break it down to two 240V taps and a 120V tap, plus the correcting taps. You however are going to run 240V in to the thing and it can't perceive the difference between 480 and 240, so it is going to give you two 120V taps and a sixty volt tap instead. You are looking for the sixty.

So you are looking conventionally for a 50KVA transformer 480 volt input with three taps for 240 and 120 secondary outputs. It may have adjusting taps as well.

Or you can custom order a transformer with 240 volt input and 36 volt secondary output through either me or a local supplier, I don't know what your deal is there. I use the 36 volt in my furnace. That works out to two banks of three elements at 12V if wired in series.
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  #132  
Old 03-21-2011, 12:25 PM
Dennis Hetland Dennis Hetland is offline
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Exactly what you want is not common so it's likely to cost a lot, but a 480v to 240/120v is common. If you put 240v to the primary of a 480v transformer you'll get 120/60v out of the secondary. If the load on your secondary is 200 amps you'll draw 50 amps from your panel to you primary.(If the secondary is wired for 60v).
A 50KVA 4 to 1 stepdown transformer rated for 480volts on the the primary should work for you.
I should point out that while I have installed transformers I have not built a moly furnace yet. I think it would be worth the money to pay someone like Cheyenne Malcolm for some advice. Especially if you don't have a lot of experience with electrical installations. I'm sure he could tell you where to get the best transformer for your money.
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  #133  
Old 03-21-2011, 12:30 PM
Dennis Hetland Dennis Hetland is offline
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Yeah. What Pete said.
(I need to learn to type faster.)
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  #134  
Old 03-21-2011, 12:38 PM
Dennis Hetland Dennis Hetland is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Pete VanderLaan View Post
No. The transformer, assuming it is the correct unit would have an input of 480V. That would break it down to two 240V taps and a 120V tap, plus the correcting taps. You however are going to run 240V in to the thing and it can't perceive the difference between 480 and 240, so it is going to give you two 120V taps and a sixty volt tap instead. You are looking for the sixty.

So you are looking conventionally for a 50KVA transformer 480 volt input with three taps for 240 and 120 secondary outputs. It may have adjusting taps as well.

Or you can custom order a transformer with 240 volt input and 36 volt secondary output through either me or a local supplier, I don't know what your deal is there. I use the 36 volt in my furnace. That works out to two banks of three elements at 12V if wired in series.
What about welders? I thought I heard something about people using welders for their transformers.
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  #135  
Old 03-21-2011, 01:13 PM
Larry Cazes Larry Cazes is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Dennis Hetland View Post
What about welders? I thought I heard something about people using welders for their transformers.
A welder is NOT a transformer. Most are not designed or built for 100% duty cycle meaning 24 hours/day. We have EZTherm furnaces at the shop I rent at. They use Miller welders. I would not suggest you go there.
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  #136  
Old 03-21-2011, 04:11 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Dennis Hetland View Post
What about welders? I thought I heard something about people using welders for their transformers.
***************
When EZ Therm built their shortlived moly, a cooperative adventure between Henry Halem and Mark Jesson from Duralite, they asked Miller for a welder that would perform continuous duty. Miller said "sure" and supplied them with a unit that supplied continuous duty- for an eight hour work shift. This was an exceptionally unfortunate miscalculation and speaks volumes for testing a product for a year before it gets put on the market. It was only one of many problems.

Use a transformer, a real one.
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  #137  
Old 03-21-2011, 06:55 PM
Larry Cazes Larry Cazes is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Pete VanderLaan View Post
***************
When EZ Therm built their shortlived moly, a cooperative adventure between Henry Halem and Mark Jesson from Duralite, they asked Miller for a welder that would perform continuous duty. Miller said "sure" and supplied them with a unit that supplied continuous duty- for an eight hour work shift. This was an exceptionally unfortunate miscalculation and speaks volumes for testing a product for a year before it gets put on the market. It was only one of many problems.

Use a transformer, a real one.
Yup. Even the user guide shows 100% duty cycle is actually 8 hours instead of 24 as most would assume. Specsmanship at it's best.
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  #138  
Old 03-21-2011, 07:52 PM
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And I would note: Take care of your transformer or it won't last forever either.
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  #139  
Old 03-22-2011, 01:11 PM
Lawrence Duckworth Lawrence Duckworth is offline
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You guys have helped….thanks







Progress---

Last edited by Lawrence Duckworth; 03-03-2014 at 06:41 AM.
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  #140  
Old 03-22-2011, 01:37 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Pete VanderLaan View Post
I am very sure the Bowman stuff is sold and it was 208 volt three phase anyway. I would look with local demolition contractors in the Atlanta area.
Check is on the way to Jim as we speak
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  #141  
Old 03-22-2011, 03:07 PM
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You guys have helped….thanks







Progress---
I still think the floor could use more insulation.
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  #142  
Old 03-22-2011, 09:42 PM
Lawrence Duckworth Lawrence Duckworth is offline
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Quote:
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I still think the floor could use more insulation.
I finished up with the wall castings and the sill height ended up being 2’-6” off the floor. Is that height worth compromising by adding additional insulation?….

Btw, is the pot lip higher, lower or level with the sill?
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  #143  
Old 03-23-2011, 05:18 AM
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a tiny bit lower is best but put the pot on a stilt that completely supports it.
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  #144  
Old 03-23-2011, 06:31 AM
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if a transformer is designed for an input of 480 volts and has a 50 kva output power, and then is used with 240 volts, it now can only supply 12.5 kva or only 25% of the power it could before. the size of the wire used in the transformer is the limiting factor.
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  #145  
Old 03-23-2011, 11:10 AM
Steve Stadelman Steve Stadelman is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Mark Wilson View Post
if a transformer is designed for an input of 480 volts and has a 50 kva output power, and then is used with 240 volts, it now can only supply 12.5 kva or only 25% of the power it could before. the size of the wire used in the transformer is the limiting factor.
No, 25 kva. Redo your math.
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  #146  
Old 03-23-2011, 02:26 PM
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No, 25 kva. Redo your math.
off by a factor of 2.....the story of my life!!!!
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  #147  
Old 03-23-2011, 04:21 PM
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  #148  
Old 03-25-2011, 09:42 PM
Lawrence Duckworth Lawrence Duckworth is offline
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Steve S. recommended a 15kva 240 input, 45v output single phase transformer with standard 5% and 10% voltage compensation taps.

Do you guys plug the cleanout with brick and fiber?

Last edited by Lawrence Duckworth; 03-03-2014 at 06:41 AM.
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  #149  
Old 03-26-2011, 02:22 AM
Tim Bassett Tim Bassett is offline
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My stadelman has a layer or two of hot face fibre close to the crucible and then a few layers of standard fibre to back it up. I would not suggest using bricks in case you do need to do a big cleanout. The worst case scenario is that the fibre can never be actually "glued" on place by the glass, you can always shred it and pull it out. I would hate to have to shred a brick that has been glued in place. Hopefully you will have to use the cleanout port very infrequently. I opened my cleanout port after charging at least weekly for 18 months and was surprised that there seemed to be so much glass on the floor...maybe 1/2 an inch. I spent quite a while gathering it all off the floor and it added up to be about three kilos. Best of luck with your build
Tim Bassett
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  #150  
Old 03-26-2011, 05:52 AM
Rollin Karg Rollin Karg is offline
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If you want your furnace to run efficiently for a long time you should clean the bottom out on a regular schedule. At least once a month if not every other week.
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